English / Spanish Glossary of Edible Plants

(PHOTO: Mercado Libertad, also known as San Juan de Dios, in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.)

When I moved to Mexico, I was surprised to be offered a number of fruits and vegetables I had never heard of, and, of course, I had to learn new names for foods that were familiar. This list includes the old and familiar as well as the new and exotic. Some plants have different names, depending on countries and regions. I have used American English and Mexican Spanish.


  • almond / almendra
  • aloe vera / sávila
  • amaranth / amaranto
  • apple / manzana
  • apricot / chabacano
  • artichoke / alcachofa
  • asparagus / espárrago
  • avocado / aguacate
  • banana / plátano
  • basil / albahaca
  • bay leaf / laurel
  • beet / betabel
  • blackberry / zarzamora
  • broccoli / brocolí
  • brazil nut / nuez de Brasil
  • butternut squash
  • cabbage / col
  • cactus leaf / nopal
  • cantaloupe / melon
  • carrot / zanahoria
  • cashew / maranon
  • cauliflower / coliflor
  • celery / apio
  • chayote
  • cherry / cereza
  • chia / chia
  • chickpea / garbanzo
  • cilantro / cilantro
  • cinnamon / canela
  • clove / clavo de olor
  • clementine / clementina
  • corn / maiz
  • cucumber / pepino
  • cumin / comino
  • date / dátil
  • dragon fruit / pitahaya
  • eggplant (aubergine) / berenjena
  • fig / higo
  • garlic / ajo
  • ginger / genjibre
  • grape / uva
  • grapefruit / toronja
  • green bean / ejote
  • guanabana
  • guava / guayaba
  • hibiscus / jamaica
  • hominy / maiz nixtamalizado
  • honeydew melon / melón chino
  • jackfruit / yaca
  • kale / kale
  • kiwi / kiwi
  • leek / poro
  • lemon / limon
  • lentil / lenteja
  • lettuce / lechuga
  • lima bean / haba
  • lime / lima
  • mamey
  • mango / mango
  • mushroom / champiñón
  • olive / aceituna
  • onion / cebolla
  • orange / naranja
  • parsley / perejil
  • pea / chicharo
  • peanut / cacahuate, mani
  • pear / pera
  • pecan / nuez
  • pepper / chile
  • pineapple / piña
  • pistachio / pistacho
  • plantain / plátano macho
  • plum /ciruela
  • pomegranate / granada
  • potato / papa
  • prickly pear / tuna
  • prune / ciruela pasa
  • pumpkin / calabaza
  • radish / rábano
  • raisin / pasita
  • raspberry / frambuesa
  • sesame seed / ajonjoli
  • spinach / espinaca
  • strawberry / fresa
  • sunflower seed / semilla de girasol
  • sweet potato / camote
  • tahini / tajini
  • tomato / tomate
  • turnip / nabo
  • walnut / nuez de castilla
  • watercress / berro
  • watermelon / sandia
  • zapote
  • zucchini / calabacita

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